The industrial dispute prevention team visited Japan from June 3 (Monday) to 7 (Friday).
A total of 10 participants from China and Thailand (of whom 3 were women) visited Japan. The team consisted mainly of trade union officials working in regions and industrial estates in those two countries, where many Japanese companies have set up operations and where many industrial disputes can be seen. The aim of the program was to encourage the participants to strengthen and develop industrial relations in their countries by deepening their understanding of the latest industrial relations and other topics in Japan.
In the program, the participants heard lectures on labour legislation and the social security system in Japan, the role and issues of the labour movement in Japan, and the response of the RENGO Center for Nonregular Workers to unorganized workers and labour consultations.
For their visit to an international industrial federation of trade unions, the participants went to the Japan Council of Metalworkers’ Unions (JCM), where they heard about the JCM’s organizational structure, campaign policy, and efforts to build constructive industrial relations. Because many of the Thai participants worked for Japanese companies, they showed interest in the efforts to build constructive industrial relations. Questions also focused on the JCM’s role at the time of disputes.
In their visit to the Central Labour Relations Commission, the participants heard detailed explanations of labour relations commissions and their functions, as well as the relief system for unfair labour practices and the flow of screening procedures. They showed a strong interest in the various roles fulfilled by Japan’s labour relations commissions.
The expanded version of the Exchange of Views on Labour Situation meeting, titled “The Present State of Multinational Companies in China and Thailand and Labour-Management Efforts,” was attended by about 40 people. Reports by the participants from China focused on industrial relations and the role of trade unions on state-run farms and in multilateral companies in Jiangsu Province, as well as procedures to settle disputes. Reports by the participants from Thailand centered on industrial relations in the Japanese companies to which they belonged, including the efforts of trade unions and means of settling industrial disputes. In particular, as a means of settling industrial disputes, it was suggested that discussions are important.
On the final day the participants compiled action plans. Their main proposals included the following:
---“I want to carry out a comparative survey on support setups for the reemployment of middle-aged and elderly people in China, Japan, and South Korea.” (China)
---“I want to hold a report meeting in my union to share everything I have learned in this program and introduce the topics we should learn from.” (China)
---“I want to utilize Japan’s efforts in the spring labour offensive to promote collective bargaining and the conclusion of labour agreements in my own country. Specifically, I want to increase the number of companies engaging in collective bargaining by 5% and the labour agreement conclusion ratio by 3% within two years.” (China)
---“I want to establish a committee to examine cases that could lead to industrial disputes and other matters within two years.” (Thailand)
---“I will hold a report meeting for members of my union and convey what I have learned at JILAF to everyone. I also want to implement a questionnaire to check understanding of labour legislation and social insurance schemes and analyze the results at the next training seminar.” (Thailand)
---“In cooperation with the company, once a year I will organize a labour-management meeting to prevent industrial disputes and a seminar to improve productivity.” (Thailand)