JILAF, together with the National Trade Union Center of the Philippines (NTUC Phl), held industrial relations and labour policy seminars in Quezon on May 28–29 and in the Subic Special Economic Zone on May 31 and June 1. The seminars were attended by a total of 91 people.
At the beginning, addresses were heard from NTUC Phl President Rodolfo Capoquian, JILAF Executive Director Masayuki Shiota, and First Secretary Manabu Yasukawa of the Japanese Embassy in the Philippines, and the purpose and objectives of the seminar were explained to everyone.
JILAF Executive Director Shiota and Group Leader Toshikazu Saito then spoke about “The Role and Issues of Japanese Trade Unions,” explaining (1) the origins of trade unions in Japan, (2) the functions and role of Japanese trade unions (the annual spring labour struggle, productivity movement, labour-management consultation system, etc.), and (3) the present state of trade unions in Japan. The participants asked questions and gave their opinions on such topics as measures to increase the organization rate, the process of negotiations in the spring labour struggle, and methods of dealing with industrial disputes in Japan.
Next, a speaker from the NTUC Phl gave an outline of the present state of industrial relations in the Philippines. In the talk, the speaker referred to problems relating to the working conditions and working environment of workers in the special economic zones and business process outsourcing (BPO) industry. To improve them, the speaker said, it was necessary first of all to organize trade unions and then for labour and management to build constructive relations.
A speaker from the Philippine Department of Labour and Employment (DOLE) then explained about (1) recent policy trends relating to the labour-management dispute mechanism, (2) labour auditing and the labour legislation compliance system, (3) the recent situation relating to the shift from nonregular to regular employment, and (4) the promotion of green jobs and productivity improvement. In response, the participants made many statements calling for the strengthening of information sharing between trade unions and DOLE relating to the settlement of industrial disputes and labour auditing.
A speaker from the International Labour Organization (ILO) gave a lecture on the theme of the “future of work.” Important factors in the future of work are technology, climate change, and demographic changes, but the loss of jobs and diversification of employment patterns as a result of the progress of technological innovation in the Fourth Industrial Revolution is even more concerning. The speaker suggested how important it was for labour and management to cooperate in addressing these issues.
The participants then divided into groups and gave presentations on the various problems arising in their companies or workplaces. By sharing such information, they reaffirmed the importance of trade union activities.
Finally, JILAF Executive Director Shiota ended the seminar by commenting that the participants had wonderful potential and a strong spirit of challenge. He expressed his hope that they would take what they had learned in the seminar back to their workplaces and put it into practice.
|05/28||Tue||Seminar day 1 (venue: Quezon)|
|05/29||Wed||Seminar day 2 (venue: Quezon)|
|05/31||Fri||Seminar day 1 (Subic Special Economic Zone)|
|06/01||Sat||Seminar day 2 (Subic Special Economic Zone)|