ACFTU/JILAF Industrial Relations and Labour Policy Seminars in China
Opening ceremony of the Beijing seminar
JILAF, together with the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU), held industrial relations and labour policy seminars in Beijing on December 12 and Fujian on December 14, 2017.
In Beijing, the following three sessions were held:
Session 1: Introduction of basic conditions in the two countries
Present state and main activities of the ACFTU
---Regarding the present state of workers in China, the gap between those who have been dismissed and those who have jobs and widening income disparities are becoming increasingly clear. China is entering a phase of economic structural adjustment. While jobs relating to coal, cement, steel, and glass are declining, the home delivery service employs an estimated 3–4 million people. Employment patterns are changing, and a mismatch is arising between skills and jobs. In these circumstances, China is shifting from being a manufacturing power at present to becoming just a strong manufacturing country.
---Regarding the present state of trade unions, in the past few years 15 million migrant workers have been organized each year, but from now on it will be necessary to respond to the changing corporate structure, for example through the Internet Plus initiative (strengthening communication by utilizing the 1 billion mobile phones and 400 million smartphones in China). Trade unions must have political, advanced, and public features---in other words, “ensuring the leadership of the Communist Party,” “keeping up with the times,” and “gaining the trust of working people and building close ties with them.” The ACFTU hopes to further deepen friendly relations with JILAF.
Session 2: JILAF introduced the conditions and issues facing labour in Japan, industrial relations and labour-management consultations in Japan, and specific examples of labour-management consultations in single company-based unions and shared information on Japan’s constructive industrial relations and efforts to maintain employment stability.
The present state of labour relations in China and issues
---It was pointed out that the report of the National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party stated that industrial relations and labour-management cooperation were important. This was the first document on industrial relations to be issued from the center, so it can be said that party and government backing has been received. But although there is a social consensus on balanced industrial relations, many issues remain, such as the high number of complaints being lodged.
---The Fourth Industrial revolution and its impact on workers (JILAF Secretary General Masayuki Shiota)
---Efforts to foster workers with manufacturing skills (inspector from the ACFTU’s Economics and Technology Department )
In Fujian, the following two sessions were held:
Session 1: Trade unions and industrial relations
---State of guarantee of the rights and interests of workers in Fujian Province (speaker from the Department of Rights and Interests Guarantee of the Fujian Province Federation of Trade Unions)
Efforts to promote the development of companies and protect the rights and interests of workers; holding of tripartite meetings for the adjustment of labour relations (once every three months); emphasis on inspections and monitoring; contributions to workers; etc.
--- Explanation of state of trade unions and industrial relations in Japan and, through discussions, sharing of information about constructive industrial relations and employment stability in Japan, etc.
Session 2: Aging society and social security
---Aging of the population in Fujian Province and countermeasures
---Japan’s social security system (JILAF Secretary General Shioda’s explanation focused on measures in response to aging.)
---Pensions (old-age insurance) in Fujian Province (Mr. Huang Zhisheng of the Fujian Provincial Government’s Human Resources and Social Security Department )
---Q&A and discussions
South East (Fujian) Motor Co., Ltd. (Japanese company): In Japan, the ratio of elderly people in the population is rising, the burden is increasing, and the year in which pension benefits begin is being delayed. Apparently the same is true in China as well.
Fujian Kyokabe Co., Ltd. (Japanese company): The period of unemployment insurance payment is a problem too.
Fujian Hitachi Koki Co., Ltd. (Japanese company): Women can only pay unemployment insurance until the age of 50 (55 for men). Improvement is desirable.
In the closing ceremony, wrap-ups were given by JILAF Secretary General Shiota and Mr. Ruby Hsu.
|12/12||Tue||Seminar day 1|
|12/13||Wed||Seminar day 2|